WHAT IS INTERLINING?
- Interlining is a very important trim in apparel manufacturing. Interlining is one kind of accessories that is used between the two layers of fabric in a garment to keep the different components of apparel in a desired shape.
- Generally, interlinings are soft, thick, and flexible. It is made cotton, polyester, wool and viscose. Sometimes, finishing is necessary to improve its properties i.e. shrink resist finish, crease resist finish.
FUNCTIONS OF USING INTERLINING:
- To support the garment.
- To control the shape of garment.
- To control the area of the apparel.
- To reinforce the components of the garment.
- To make the apparel beautiful, strong and attractive.
- To ensure the anticipated look, quality and effect of the fabric.
- To improve garment performance.
- To control dimensional changes.
- Be easier to handle and sew.
- Interlining is generally used in collars, cuffs, waist band, front facing of coat, outerwear plackets, jackets, blazers, etc.,…
- One part of apparel can also use different interlining
There are 2 kinds of interlining: fusible and non-fusible
1. NON-FUSIBLE (SEWN) INTERLINING:
The interlining which is used between the two layers of fabrics directly by sewing without heat and pressure is called non-fusible interlining. This type of interlining is also called sewn interlining. For the preparation of sewn interlining, a piece of fabric is treated with starch allowed to dry and finally with main fabric.
- Non-fusing interlining is used in “Flame Retardant” apparel
- It is used for making apparel for fire service people
- It is also used for making safety apparel for the people who work in re-rolling mills
- Specially used in embroidery machine
- It is still used for making China traditional dress and man vest (higher price than usual)
- To make flame retardant garments
- Simple and easy technique
- No elaborate machine is required
- Quality is not good
- Not suitable for large production
- More time required.
2. FUSIBLE INTERLINING:
It is the most used interlining. The interlining which is used between two layers of fabrics by applying heat and pressure for a certain time is called Fusible interlining.
It is used for all kind of apparel and also in “ready to wear” and “bespoke” garments.
- To get similarities among the apparel, give the same outlook of the apparel.
- Fusible interlining is available in the market
- Application process is very easy
- High productivity
- Less fusing time
- Cheap price (but still depend on what kind of fusible interlining
- Performance is very good.
- High temperature is required, but nowadays some kinds of fusible interlining can apply low temperature (<100*C)
- Special care is needed during attaching interlining.
HOW TO CHOOSE CORECT INTERLINING
The selection of fusible interlinings is governed by many objective factors, but, in the final analysis, choice is usually determined by cost/ performance relationship. Due to the wide range of interlinings available, it is essential to pursue a systematic selection procedure.
WOVEN OR NON-WOVEN INTERLINING?
- Basically, non-woven interlining is less expensive, it is advisable first to assess customers’ suitability.
- Base on the characteristic of the fabric they are applied to such as: stretchability, thickness, knitted or woven fabric,etc...
Will this withstand washing and/or dry cleaning? Generally, the method used to clean a garment is determined by the outer fabric and all trimmings, such as linings and fusibles, are matched to these conditions.
WHICH PART OF CLOTHES APPLIED INTERLINING?